Monitoring energy efficiency in the EU (ODYSSEE-MURE)
Energy policy-making always consists of setting objectives, which include an increasing number of energy and climate policy targets. During the last years, the need for reliable data and indicators for the monitoring of such targets has grown considerably both at the national level and at the level of the EU. At EU level, there are obligations to regularly report the development of the energy efficiency progress as part of the national energy-efficiency action plans (NEEAPs) to implement the directive on energy end-use efficiency and energy services (ESD; 2006/32/EC). Its successor, the European Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) from 25 October 2012 even provides for annual as well as more comprehensive reporting obligations at three year intervals. In Germany, the transformation of the energy system, the so-called “Energiewende” or “energy transition”, is also accompanied by an official monitoring process. The progress made towards the overall targets and the current state of implementation are evaluated in annual reports, which are supplemented every three years by a strategically oriented progress report of the German government.