Review of the Multi-Tier Framework for monitoring the Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG7) of the United Nations
In 2016, the United Nations (UN) adopted 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) within the framework of the UN Agenda 2030. The SDG7 aims to ensure universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for the entire world population and to increase the global share of renewable energy and the level of energy efficiency. Enhanced access to electricity for productive uses is also expected to catalyse an increase in welfare and economic development, as it constitutes a key element for job creation and increased added value.
Economic growth and the extension of commercial and industrial uses of electricity are generally related to an increased energy demand. This inevitably leads to growing greenhouse gas emissions if no strategies for developing a clean and sustainable energy supply are implemented at the same time. Especially in developing and emerging countries the energy intensity, i.e. the energy consumption per unit of value added, is often substantially higher than in developed countries. This highlights the need for an integrated framework for monitoring and managing the access to sustainable electricity sources in these countries.
Against this background, this project provides a review of the Multi-Tier Framework (MTF) which is currently used for monitoring the progress towards the SDG7 targets. The present MTF focuses mainly on the requirements of private households. Within this project, a proposal for extending the MTF is developed, which considers the significant role of productive uses of electricity in developing and emerging economies. By providing a systematic analysis of the electricity access requirements of various types of commercial and industrial applications, the results aim to support the implementation of sustainable energy strategies, i.e. the development of energy supply solutions which are sustainable and in line with people’s needs.