Under which conditions is electric mobility sustainable?

Research questions

  • How to ensure the transparency and sustainability of value chains and production processes of batteries, motors and components?
  • What contribution can the recycling and second-use of vehicle batteries make to sustainability?
  • For which applications are electric vehicles best integrated into an overall transport concept?
  • How to ensure PHEVs have a high share of electric driving?
  • Which transport and environment policy instruments are the most effective?


Supporting the BMVI (German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure) with the Mobility and Fuels Strategy

This scientific monitoring supports the German Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure by evaluating selected topics for designing the Mobility and Fuels Strategy (MFS). This includes a pivotal project, in which the consortium advises the BMVI on designing climate-friendly transport measures. The MFS also serves as a knowledge platform for all the stakeholders actively involved in the transformation of the transport sector. It helps to close knowledge gaps using scientific reports and quantify the potentials for achieving the transport sector‘s transformation. In addition, the MFS monitors and supports the implementation of measures to achieve this transformation.

Methodology for the GHG Efficiency of Transport Modes

A new study commissioned by the EEA shows a clear hierarchy of passenger and freight transport modes, in terms of their greenhouse gas emissions. Rail and waterborne transport have the lowest emissions per kilometre and unit transported, while aviation and road transport emit significantly more. Alongside shifting to rail and waterborne transport, improving the GHG efficiency of all motorised forms of transport remains an important objective. Moreover, monitoring their GHG efficiency on a regular basis would support these efforts. While active modes, such as walking and cycling, are outside the scope of the study, they are an obvious choice for clean and sustainable mobility because their emissions can be assumed to be close to zero.

SCRREEN2 – European Expert Network for Critical Raw Materials

SCRREEN2 establishes an EU Expert Network that covers the whole value chain for present and future critical raw materials. It will build on existing structures and initiatives, as well as international collaborations, and will aim at clustering related EU projects and initiatives. This network will be set up as a permanent forum for policy-makers, industry and society who are interested or are involved in raw materials. It will encourage permanent dialogue between stakeholders and support strategy and policy development, and decision-making.

Real-world usage of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: Fuel consumption, electric driving, and CO2 emissions

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles accounted for about 3.5% of all new passenger car registrations in Europe in the first half of 2020. Equipped with a combustion engine as well as an electric motor, the potential for reducing emissions for plug-in hybrid vehicles depends strongly on their daily driving patterns. For a joint study, the German Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI and the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) analyzed a comprehensive dataset about the real-world usage patterns for more than 100,000 plug-in hybrid vehicles in Europe, North America and China.