Asylum Scenarios 2032 – The Future of International Protection in the EU+ in the Next 10 Years

This project aims to provide the European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA) and its partners with future-oriented assets and skills to better prepare for and fulfil their mission within a dynamic and rapidly changing world. Through this project’s multiple phases and scientifically led by the Fraunhofer ISI, teams consisting of mainly asylum and migration experts from the EUAA, asylum authorities of several EU+ countries, the European Commission (DG HOME, Joint Research Centre), Frontex, Europol, UNHCR and ICMPD created a set of coherent future scenarios – narratives that enable policy and decision makers to better perceive and respond to the complexity and uncertainty of possible futures. 

The scenario development process began with the identification of a number of factors that were both external to the EU+ countries and driving change in international protection. Over the course of three workshops, EUAA experts together with representatives of national asylum authorities and partner EU institutions assessed the boundaries of each factor’s possible development in the future and constructed several constellations of these fundamental factors. Such constellations of the fundamental factors were further refined and turned into four unique and viable future scenarios.

Finally, a Delphi survey gathered quantitative and qualitative expert feedback on the likelihood and time-scale for critical aspects of each scenario.

In addition to the process benefits for the people involved, the following results are now publicly available in the reports:

  • Overview of critical influencing factors and possible development paths;
  • Four scenario narratives outlining the option space for the next ten years;
  • Persona descriptions supporting the immersion in the respective scenario;
  • Results of a Delphi survey on critical aspects of the four scenarios;
  • Compilation of wildcards and their significance in the context of the scenarios; and
  • Critical challenges for actors in the context of international protection for individual scenarios and across all scenarios.

An interactive website offers the possibility to explore the results according to one's own interests: Asylum Scenarios 2032