Evaluation of the "Federal Funding Scheme for Energy Efficiency in the Economy"

The project evaluates the two funding guidelines "Federal Funding Scheme for Energy and Resource Efficiency in the Economy" - grant and loan and the funding competition. The programs provide funding in the four modules: 1 - energy-efficient cross-cutting technologies, 2 - process heat from renewable energies, 3 - sensors and control equipment including energy management software and 4 - energy optimizations of plants and processes.

The program is partly designed technology-open in order to facilitate and simplify
investments in more complex energy and resource efficiency measures. To meet the
different financing requirements of the companies, the entire program offers the possibility of funding through a direct investment grant as well as a low-interest loan with a repayment
subsidy. To meet the diverse needs of applicants, a funding competition is also offered for module 4.

The aim of the project is to evaluate the target achievement, the impact and the economic efficiency of the programs and to analyze them comparatively.


With the amendment of the Federal Climate Protection Act in 2021, Germany has increased its previous greenhouse gas reduction target of 55 percent by 2030 to a reduction of at least 65 percent (in each case compared to the base year 1990), as well as the sectoral reduction
contributions, and has brought forward the target of achieving greenhouse gas neutrality to
2045. As a result, the energy efficiency target for 2030 previously set in the Energy Efficiency
Strategy 2050, the reduction of primary energy consumption by 30 percent compared to 2008, must also be adjusted upwards. The tertiary and industrial sectors accounted for around 45 percent of final energy consumption in Germany in 2021.

A central program that is intended to contribute to this goal is the Federal Funding Scheme for Energy and Resource Efficiency in the Economy in its variants grant/loan and funding competition. Against the background of the tightened climate protection targets by 2030, the guideline of the federal funding was comprehensively amended in October 2021.



Both as a working basis for the further development of German energy efficiency policy and for national and European accountability, the aim of the project is to conduct an overall evaluation of the "Federal Funding Scheme for Energy and Resource Efficiency in the Economy". Within the framework of this evaluation, the status quo of the federal funding as a whole and of the subprograms will be examined from an ex-post perspective and, in addition, possibilities for the further development of the program will be identified. The evaluation is fundamentally based on the three dimensions of target achievement, impact and economic assessment according to § 7 of the Federal Budget Regulation (BHO).


The complete evaluation report of the year 2021 can be found below. Further results are published in parts in the publications mentioned below.



2020 until 2023


  • Bundesamt für Wirtschaft und Ausfuhrkontrolle (BAFA)


  • Öko-Institut e. V.
  • Prognos AG
  • University of Stuttgart (IER)