Antoine Durand studied Mechanical Engineering at the Karlsruhe Institute for Technology (KIT, Germany) and at the Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble (INPG, France). He worked then 6 years as application engineer and technical project manager in the automotive sector at the Robert Bosch GmbH in Germany and in Japan. He joined the Wuppertal Institute in 2009 and worked in national, European and international research projects on the development of strategies and measures in the field of energy efficiency. From 2013, he worked 3 years long as technical adviser for energy efficiency in Senegal on the behalf of the German development agency (GIZ). Since April 2017 he works as research fellow and project coordinator at the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI in the Competence Center Energy Technology and Energy Systems.