Since 1993, the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI has regularly carried out surveys on the Modernization of Production. The survey covers a representative random sample in the magnitude of 1,500 firms from the entire manufacturing sector. The objects of investigation are the production strategies, the utilization of innovative organizational and technical approaches in production, questions of personnel deployment as well as issues pertaining to offshoring. In addition, performance indicators such as productivity, flexibility and quality are collected. With this information from the survey, detailed analyses of the modernity and performance of the firms in the manufacturing sector can be conducted.