Broadband strategies in Europe: Learning from the Leaders. A cross-country comparison of successful FTTH-rollouts. (Broadband Europe)

Background of the study is the observation that in Germany, FTTH/B availability is still (at the end of 2016) very low.

In this study, we analyse the success factors for the FTTB/H (Fibre To The Building/ Home) rollouts in Estonia, Sweden, Spain and Switzerland. It turns out that the selected countries have developed their very own approaches in order to deploy fibre-based broadband-Internet. In detailed country case studies we have examined stakeholder-setting, competition, regulation, government plans and other factors which are suited to explain the high availability of fibre-based Internet-access in these countries. For each country we have highlighted one specific success strategy:

  • Estonia: Public-Private Partnership for building a countrywide middle-mile-network bringing fibre access points closer to rural households.
  • Sweden: Municipality-owned city networks roll out FTTB/H as Open Access Networks.
  • Spain: Regulation enables “fibre-miracle” in cities; in rural areas, municipalities take the initiative.
  • Switzerland: Multi-stakeholder approach to coordinate the countrywide roll-out of fibre networks.


September 2016 – May 2017


  • Bertelsmann Foundation


  • Prof. Wolfgang Schulz and Martin Lose (University of Hamburg)