In this study, we analyse the success factors for the FTTB/H (Fibre To The Building/ Home) rollouts in Estonia, Sweden, Spain and Switzerland. It turns out that the selected countries have developed their very own approaches in order to deploy fibre-based broadband-Internet. In detailed country case studies we have examined stakeholder-setting, competition, regulation, government plans and other factors which are suited to explain the high availability of fibre-based Internet-access in these countries. For each country we have highlighted one specific success strategy:
- Estonia: Public-Private Partnership for building a countrywide middle-mile-network bringing fibre access points closer to rural households.
- Sweden: Municipality-owned city networks roll out FTTB/H as Open Access Networks.
- Spain: Regulation enables “fibre-miracle” in cities; in rural areas, municipalities take the initiative.
- Switzerland: Multi-stakeholder approach to coordinate the countrywide roll-out of fibre networks.