Environmental Protection as an Economic Factor: Analysis of the Economic Significance of Environmental Protection by Up-dating Important Indicators
The economic importance of environmental protection has significantly increased in recent years. Reliable and up-to-date information about the economic significance of environmental protection is of great importance for the political enforceability and design of environmental policy measures. Such analyses are presently being carried out in parallel, based on two different demarcations. On the one hand, the “classical“ environmental industries (waste management/recycling, waste treatment, air pollution, noise control, environmental monitoring) and selected climate-protection technologies are considered. On the other hand, under the heading “green future markets“ more broadly defined climate-protection technologies and also the “green“ transformation of classical branches of industry are investigated. Important information on the economic impacts of environmental policy are, in both concepts, besides empirical results on the effects of environmental protection on employment, also indicators to judge the competitiveness and innovation capability of the German environmental and climate protection industry.