Results of Public and Private Research: Patents
In this study, commissioned by the Expert Commission Research and Innovation (EFI), which is integrated in the entire reporting system of the Expert Commission, Fraunhofer ISI contributes to the evaluation of the performance of the German science and research system by analyzing patent applications. Patents mirror the output of application-oriented research and development.
The dynamics and structures of patenting activity and technological specialization are investigated in an international comparison. The investigation covers the period from 1993 and predominantly deals with international comparisons for a wide array of countries. Transnational patents, separated by 35 high-technology fields including aggregate categories (high-tech, leading-edge technology, other technology) are calculated and analyzed. Within an additional module, patent filings and patent citations will be used as performance indicators for German universities. Based on the concept of “academic patents“ the (technologically) most research intensive German universities are identified and compared.