Feasibility of an international benchmarking for selected PFI indicators and organisation of an international impact conference
The Pact for Research and Innovation (PFI) offers financial planning security to the German Research Foundation (DFG) as the funding organisation and to the non-university research organisations Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft (Fraunhofer), Helmholtz Association (HGF), Max Planck Society (MPG) and Leibniz Association (WGL) through agreed annual increases in basic funding. In return, the Pact partners have committed themselves to common research policy goals. In the current phase up to the year 2030, these include strengthening the transfer to industry and society and increasing national and international networking and cooperation, for example.
As part of the reporting on the Pact for Research and Innovation, the non-university research organisations are evaluated and observed by means of self-reporting and based on selected indicators (monitoring). In the future, an international benchmarking shall allow an extended monitoring. This part of the project is concerned with examining the feasibility of such international benchmarkings.
Impact of Science
The science system in Germany is one of the best in the world. It produces knowledge, uses it to build up further knowledge and puts it into practice. Research at universities and non-university research institutions is at a high level of quality and productivity compared to the rest of the world. In addition to the direct generation of knowledge and the qualification of future employees, science institutions and universities are increasingly being asked to fulfil further tasks and missions. In addition to scientific goals, there are, for example, expectations regarding contributions to the achievement of politically set, economic or social goals. These range from the transfer of application-oriented knowledge to the economy to increase the competitiveness of the national economy as a whole (third mission), to the fulfilment of ambitious social goals such as combating widespread diseases or achieving sustainability goals (mission orientation of research and innovation policy). All these demands are increasingly being made explicit in political and strategic targets and are being called for politically and socially. In addition, the contribution of science to overall success and to the targeted use of taxpayers' money must increasingly be explicitly legitimised. This is accompanied by the question of the impact (of science or science systems) along these new requirements and dimensions.
This second part of the project is concerned with a review of the international conceptual and empirical literature, its transfer to the German context and the development of political starting points in exchange with various actors from science and politics.