HYPAT - Global H2 Potential Atlas

Sustainable locations in the world for the green hydrogen economy of tomorrow: technical, economic and social assessment of green hydrogen potential

The German Hydrogen Strategy published in June, 2020 shows that green hydrogen plays a crucial role in the transformation of industry, the transport sector and the energy sector towards sustainability and climate neutrality. Due to the limited availability of renewable energy sources in Germany, Germany will have to import a large share of the green hydrogen including synthesis products from regions in the world that are rich in wind and solar power in order to be able to meet its demand of hydrogen in the medium and long-term.


The "HyPat-Global H2 Potential Atlas" project, funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, is the first to comprehensively identify possible regions in the world for a partnership-based development of a future green hydrogen economy, taking into account the German National Hydrogen Strategy (NWS), the Paris Climate Agreement, and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations.

The central research questions addressed by the project are:

  • What environmental aspects and sustainability criteria must be taken into account in a global, green hydrogen economy?
  • How can the global potential of importing green hydrogen and synthesis products be economically measured and evaluated?
  • What potentials arise in a globally networked hydrogen economy for the production countries to generate added value, jobs and co-benefits locally?



  • In addition to a detailed survey of the global techno-economic potentials and analyzing hydrogen chains, including transport, the analysis also includes the symmetrical requirements of the partner countries.
  • These include the sustainable coverage of their domestic energy demand, achievement of their own climate goals using the economic development opportunities of a hydrogen economy, and compliance with specific sustainability criteria for the hydrogen economy in the partner countries.
  • Furthermore, these countries’ capabilities to build the capital- and technology-intensive plants will be analyzed (e.g. governance structures, access to capital, geopolitical stability).
  • The opportunities resulting for these countries will also be surveyed (e.g. impacts on local value creation, opportunities for capacity building) and acceptance and stakeholder analyses conducted.
  • The resulting supply of hydrogen and synthesis products will then be compared with the global demand of the importing countries in a further step of the analysis, and will provide a complete overall picture for the first time.
  • It is important to analyze how hydrogen markets can be established in the future and the market prices that can be expected for hydrogen.
  • Policy recommendations will be made for developing a sustainable import strategy for Germany.
  • An interdisciplinary team has been brought together to explore the different aspects in depth. 


Breitschopf, B.; Thomann, J.; Fragoso Garcia, J.; Kleinschmitt, C.; Hettesheimer, T.; Neuner, F.; Wittmann, F.; Roth, F.; Pieton, N.; Lenivova, V.; Thiel, Z.; Strohmaier, R.; Stamm, A.; Lorych, L. (2022): Import von Wasserstoff und Wasserstoffderivaten: Exportländer. HYPAT Working Paper 02/2022. Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer ISI (Hrsg.).

Thomann, J.; Edenhofer, L.; Hank, C.; Lorych, L.; Marscheider-Weidemann, F.; Stamm, A.; Thiel, Z.; Weise, F. (2022): Hintergrundpapier zu nachhaltigem grünen Wasserstoff und Syntheseprodukten. HYPAT Working Paper 01/2022. Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer ISI (Hrsg.).

HYPAT (2022):  Krieg in der Ukraine: Auswirkungen auf die europäische und deutsche Importstrategie von Wasserstoff und Syntheseprodukten. Impulspapier. Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer ISI (Hrsg.).

Wietschel, M.; Pieton, N.; Thiel, Z. et al. (2021): Importing hydrogen and hydrogen derivates: from costs to prices . HYPAT Working Paper 01/2021 (English version). Fraunhofer ISI, Fraunhofer IEG, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl Umwelt‐/Ressourcenökonomik und Nachhaltigkeit.

Wietschel, M.; Pieton, N.; Thiel, Z. et al. (2021): Import von Wasserstoff und Wasserstoffderivaten: von Kosten zu Preisen. HYPAT Working Paper 01/2021. Fraunhofer ISI, Fraunhofer IEG, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Lehrstuhl Umwelt‐/Ressourcenökonomik und Nachhaltigkeit.


01.03.2021 until 29.02.2024


The project HYPAT- H2-POTENTIALATLAS is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research BMBF as part of the "Hydrogen Republic of Germany" ideas competition in the module basic research on green hydrogen.

The Project Management Jülich provides technical and administrative support for the HyPat project on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research BMBF.


  • Fraunhofer Research Institution for Energy Infrastructures and Geothermal Systems (IEG)
  • Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (ISE)
  • Chair of Environmental/Resource Economics and Sustainability, Ruhr Universität Bochum
  • German Development Institute (DIE),
  • Energy Systems Analysis Associates (ESA²) GmbH
  • Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS)
  • Deutsche Energie-Agentur (dena)
  • Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH