Study on the Opportunities of "Power-to-X" in Morocco (GIZ PtX Marokko)

The study analysis the opportunities for "Power-to-X" (PtX) in Morocco, i.e. the conversion of renewable electricity to synthetic fuels, synthetic methane or synthetic ammonia.


Presentation of results to the Minister of Energy, Mines and Sustainable Development of Morocco


The objective of this study is to identify the opportunities of "Power-to-X" and its sub-sectors in Morocco, to discuss the related industrial, economic and social impacts of PtX, and to elaborate and prioritise recommendations.



We formulated for the analysis 10 hypotheses on Power-to-X (PtX) and its opportunities for Morocco. This approach is taken because there are still quite some uncertainties about the possible future role of PtX, both in Europe and countries like Morocco. The formulation of such hypotheses, supported by analysis of the present knowledge and uncertainties, helps to feed the necessary discussion processes to determine more precisely the possible future role of PtX technologies in the energy system.

The hypotheses were grouped into four main sections:

  • Main Drivers for the Demand for PtX
  • Morocco’s potential share of world-wide demand for PtX
  • Production of synthetic ammonia as a promising economic opportunity for Morocco
  • Guiding principles for the development of PtX in Morocco


On the basis of the analysis of the 10 hypotheses the following recommendations for short- and medium term R&D on PtX in Morocco were derived:

  1. Establishment of a detailed 2050 energy and climate strategy and of 2050 energy and climate targets for Morocco.
  2. Elaboration of a roadmap for hydrogen and derived PtX products for Morocco.
  3. Elaboration of an infrastructure roadmap for hydrogen and derived PtX products for Morocco.
  4. Development of sustainability criteria in the frame of the hydrogen/PtX roadmap.
  5. Investigation of governance structures for a Moroccan hydrogen and ammonia industry.
  6. Investigation of electricity market design to support a Moroccan hydrogen and ammonia industry.
  7. Development of technological R&D and demonstration plants of a reasonable size of several MWs which can enhance experience with technologies. Development of a market introduction scheme.



October 2018 to February 2019


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and

Ministry of Energy, Mines and Sustainable Development