The effectiveness and cost efficiency of product-based and end-of-pipe measures to reduce the discharge of micropollutants to water (Micropollutants)
For many micropollutants such as, e.g. household chemicals, substances used in SMEs, pharmaceuticals or biocides, the municipal wastewater system (effluent, combined sewer overflows and, depending on the application, rainwater discharges) is the dominant emission pathway to water.
This project aims to examine the interaction, effectiveness and cost efficiency of substance regulations and downstream measures (targeted elimination stages in municipal wastewater treatment, improving the treatment of combined wastewater and stormwater and rainwater) based on examples of important representative substances, some of which are already or are to be regulated as priority substances under the Water Framework Directive (e.g. diuron or diclofenac).
The objective is to propose suitable combinations of measures and their framework conditions that are characterized by high cost efficiency. These combinations of measures should be amenable to impact assessment and therefore be easy to integrate into the planning process of the Water Framework Directive.