Small hydropower plants: Evaluation of the climate protection potential and improvement by smart technologies
HAPPI: Small Hydropower Plants: Assessment of Climate Protection Potential and Improvement by Smart Technologies
Regardless of China’s rapidly advancing economic growth there is a huge demand for additional energy infrastructures in the predominantly agricultural and structurally weak provinces. Due to its typically solid design and stable effective power hydropower utilisation can provide a reliable basic supply of electricity as a regenerative form of energy production with little CO2 emissions. In China in general there is a huge so far untapped hydro energetic potential of decentralised, cluster-controllable and low emission solutions in the form of small hydropower plants. Their use is intended to help to reduce social imbalances.
Due to its high potential the Chinese central government has promoted the construction of small hydropower plants which substitute firewood and fuel as part of a Chinese pilot project since 2003. Ambitious targets were defined for the future and extensive programs set up (e.g. SHSF – Small Hydropower Substituting Fuel: construction of more than 1,000 new small hydro power plants).
At the same time the utilization of hydro power has a major impact on nature and the landscape and therefore on society which has been the subject of controversial debate.