Studies of industrial engineering at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) (formerly University of Karlsruhe) and at the Politecnico di Milano (Italy). Overseas experience in Santa Clara, CA (USA) . His dissertation examined the „technical and economic assessment of preconditioning electric vehicles“ at the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI. From April to December 2011 research associate in the Competence Center Energy Policy and Energy Systems, since January 2012 in the Competence Center Energy Technology and Energy Systems. He finished his PhD at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in July 2015 on „Market diffusion of plug-in electric vehicles and their charging infrastructure”.