Evaluation Umweltbonus - Evaluation of the "Umweltbonus" subsidy for electric vehicles in Germany

From 2016 to 2023, the German government promoted the purchase or leasing of electrically powered vehicles (EVs) in Germany through the "Umweltbonus" funding programme. This evaluation assesses the subsidy programme, in particular the CO2 and energy savings achieved through the programme as well as other distribution and industrial policy aspects. As part of this evaluation, a survey was conducted among the applicants, which was then used to statistically analyse the data on the programme.


As part of the amended Federal Climate Protection Act (KSG) of 2021, the Federal Government has set itself the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG emissions) by at least 65% by 2030 compared to the reference year 1990. By 2040, national GHG emissions are to be reduced by 88% compared to the reference year 1990 and net greenhouse gas neutrality is to be achieved by 2045.

The development of actual GHG emissions is offset by an ambitious KSG sector target for the transport sector. According to this, annual GHG emissions in the transport sector are to be reduced to 85 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents by 2030. With reference to the co-measures scenario of the 2021 projection report and supplemented by the measures of the Transport 2022 immediate action programme that have not yet been adopted, a cumulative compliance gap of 261 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents is forecast for the transport sector by 2030. Comprehensive measures are needed to close this gap.

One of the central building blocks for the transformation of the transport sector is the electrification of road passenger transport. The German government's declared goal is to increase the number of purely electrically powered cars to a total of 15 million by 2030. For this reason, the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection (BMWK), together with the automotive industry, has been supporting the sale of electric vehicles since 2016 through the "Directive to promote the sale of electrically powered vehicles (environmental bonus)", which is the subject of the evaluation.



The aim of the evaluation is to evaluate if the programme has reached its targets, to quantify the effects and savings of the programme, as well as its economic feasibility. The climate policy effects with regard to the reduction of GHG emissions in the transport sector, the energy policy effects in the form of increased energy efficiency and the industrial policy dimension of the funding programme are also examined.


A mix of quantitative and qualitative methods is used for this evaluation. An important component of the evaluation is a survey of applicants for the Umweltbonus and an analysis of the data set of applications. Statistical and econometric methods are then used to evaluate the programme.


from March 2023 until September 2024


  • Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action


  • Technopolis Deutschland GmbH