DG ENER Article 7 Assessment

Technical assistance on assessing the progress of Articles 7,  7a and 7b, Article 20(6) and Annex V of Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU as amended by Directive (EU) 2018/2002 on energy efficiency in view of the obligation periods 2014-2020 and 2021-2030 and assessing and supporting its implementation and possible review


The sound implementation and evaluation of Article 7 of the 2018 Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) and of Article 8-10 of the 2023 EED revision is of utmost importance for meeting the EU’s energy and climate targets. This project makes an important contribution not only through analysing in detail how Member States have implemented the articles on the energy efficiency obligation, but also through understanding the key challenges and best-practice for future redesign and implementation of energy efficiency policy measures.

The main objectives of this project are:

  • to provide an assessment for each Member State of implementing the the energy efficiency obligation (Article 7 of the EED 2018 and Articles 8-10 in the EED 2023)
  • to identify and show-case best-practice examples of sound implementation;
  • to carry out a quantitative assessment of the energy savings delivered by sector, policy instrument, and compared to the Impact Assessment;
  • to analyse the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency obligation systems (EEOS) and key alternative measures;
  • to critically evaluate the evaluation, monitoring, reporting and verification regimes in Member States;
  • to identify lessons learned from implementation so far; and
  • to provide suggestions for a further development of the EED.


The project is structured into four steps:

(Task 0): Project inception: The project management structures are put into operation, the kick-off meeting is arranged and the scope and methodology of the project is discussed and agreed.

(Task 1):  Member state assessment: The member states' approaches for implementing Article 7 / 8-10 are assessed based on their notification in the NECPRs and NECPs. This results in a set of country reports and a policy measures database.

(Task 2): Quantitative assessment of Article 7: This involves a quantitative assessment of the impact of Article 7 / 8-10 on energy savings compared to expectations, an in-depth analysis of the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency obligation schemes, a critical assessment of the monitoring and verification approaches taken by Member States, and identify the challenges and lessons learned.

(Task 3): Complementary analyses: This task focuses on cross-country analyses, a review of interactions with EU legislations, the collection of interesting policies as well as a comprehensive literature review.

(Task 4): Recommendations: This task derives recommendations for the further development of the EED.

No published project results available.


From December 2018 until December 2020 (first phase).

From February 2021 until January 2024 (second phase).

A follow-up project with an extended consortium started in February 2024 (duration: 36 months).


European Commission - DG ENER


  • IEECP - Institute for European Energy and Climate Policy
  • RAP - Regulatory Assistance Project
  • SEVEn - The Energy Efficiency Center