Energy demand models

To analyse energy demand, Fraunhofer ISI uses models with a very high level of technological detail in the industry, buildings and transport sectors. They simulate the influence of policy instruments and technological change and calculate the impact on energy consumption, CO2 emissions, costs and investments in the sectors.


Group of models for detailed analyses of energy demand in industry, buildings and the services sectors

Invert/EE-Lab - Invert-Agents

Agent-based model for residential and non-residential buildings (in cooperation with TU Wien)

ASTRA Transport

Detailed model of the German and European transport sector (in cooperation with MFIVE)



Model for the market diffusion of alternative fuel vehicles


Linking supply and demand using demand response and load management