Developing policy recommendations for the further development and design of strategic approaches to sustainable and efficient raw material extraction and use (RohPolRess)

The global consumption of mineral raw materials being used for non-energy purposes has risen rapidly over the last decades. This continuing trend not only has negative impacts on those regions directly affected by mining, but also exacerbates global environmental problems such as climate change, land degradation or the loss of biological diversity. At the same time, the revenue from the raw materials sector has a decisive influence on the society and economy of the mining countries. Improving ecological and social standards in mining, improving the governance of the raw materials sector and using resources and materials more efficiently in production and consumption in Germany therefore represent some of the biggest economic, social and ecological challenges of our time. Given this background, Germany has set itself ambitious targets to improve its raw material productivity, which are being pursued as part of its raw materials policy.

Two raw material or resource policy programmes exist at national level in Germany: the German government’s Raw Materials Strategy and the German Resource Efficiency Programme (ProgRess). This project aims to analyze their relationship in more detail in order to identify points which connect them and have the potential for improved policy coherence. Possible intersections between the different raw materials policy programmes are identified at the level of policy objectives, policy instruments and stake-holders and – based on theoretical considerations and the processing of empirical data – practice-oriented approaches are shown to sustainable and efficient raw materials extraction and use.


September 2013 – December 2016


  • German Federal Environment Agency (UBA) (FKZ 3713 11 104)


  • Öko-Institut e.V.
  • adelphi research