Prof. Dr. Torben Schubert

Fraunhofer Institute for
Systems and Innovation Research ISI

Project Manager


Prof. Torben Schubert studied Economics from 2000 to 2005 at the University of Cologne, specializing in statistics, econometrics and dynamic macroeconomics. He was employed as a scientific researcher at the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI between May 2005 until November 2007 and has been a project manager there since 2008 as well as completing his PhD (2008) at the School of Business and Economics at the University of Erlangen- Nürnberg. He became an assistant professor in July 2011 and Associate Professor from September 2013 at the Center for Innovation, Research and Competence in the Learning Economy (CIRCLE) at Lund University in Sweden. His main areas of research include the analysis of innovation-based competitive advantages of economies, strategic management of innovation processes in companies, and the economics of science.

Work Focus

  • analysis of innovation-based competitive advantages of economies

  • strategic management of innovation processes in companies

  • economics of science

Research Prizes

Dissertation award of the Staedtler-Foundation 2009

Academic Teaching

  • Innovation management at Lund University (2017)

  • Globalization of innovation at Lund University (2015, 2016)

  • Survey of quantitative techniques at Lund University (2012, 2014, 2016)

  • Innovation Economics at Berlin University of Technology (2010, 2011, 2012)

  • Innovation at Karlsruhe University (2009)

  • Applied Industrial Economics at Karlsruhe University (2008/2009)

  • Probability Theory and Inferential Statistics at Hamm University of Applied Sciences (2008)

  • Statistical Inference at Heidelberg University of Applied Sciences (2007, 2008)

  • Descriptive Statistics at Heidelberg University of Applied Sciences (2006, 2007)

  • Probability Theory at Heidelberg University of Applied Sciences (2006, 2007)


Software SRinference for R (version 2.02)

The routines included in SRinference allow the user to compute the tests and confidence intervals for specialisation ratios described in Schubert and Grupp (2009). Before using the add-on package the user is required to install the R main program available under Both R and SRinference are distributed under GNU General Public License. The user recognises that SRinference comes with absolutely no warranty of correctness. Use is at own risk. You can find the Software  here and the User Guide here.


Articles in Journals

Ejermo, O.; Schubert, T. (forthcoming): Do Higher Wages Reduce Knowledge Worker's Job Mobility? Evidence for Swedish Inventors, Journal of Management Studies.

Schubert, T.; Baier, E.; Rammer, C. (forthcoming): Firm Capabilities, Technological Dynamism and the Internationalisation of Innovation – a Behavioural Approach, Journal of International Business Studies.

Neuhäusler, P.; Schubert, T.; Frietsch, R.; Blind, K. (forthcoming): Managing Portfolio Risk in Strategic Technology Management: Evidence from a Panel Data Set of the World’s Largest R&D Performers, Economics of Innovation and New Technology.

Neumann, A.; Nieswand, M.; Schubert, T. (forthcoming): Estimating alternative Technology Sets in nonparametric Efficiency Analysis: Restriction Tests for Panel and Clustered Data, Journal of Productivity Analysis.

Castellani, D.; Montresor, S.; Schubert, T., Vezzani, S. (2017): Multinationality, R&D and Productivity: Evidence from the top R&D investors worldwide, International Business Review, 26, 405-416.

Andries, P.; Hoskens, M.; Janger, J.; Rammer, C.; Schubert, T. (2017): The New EU 2020 Innovation Indicator: A Step Forward in Measuring Innovation Outputs and Outcomes? Research Policy, 46, 30-42.

Schubert, T.; Yang, G. (2016): Institutional Change and the optimal Size of Universities, Scientometrics, 108(3), 1129-1153.

Schubert, T. (2016): Infringement of Intellectual Property in Innovation Partnerships, R&D Management, 46(S2), 596-611. DOI: 10.1111/radm.12128.

Baier, E.; Rammer, C.; Schubert, T. (2015): The Impact of Captive Innovation Offshoring on the Effectiveness of Organizational Adaptation, Journal of International Management, 21(2), 150-165.

Frietsch, R.; Rammer, C.; Schubert, T. (2015): Heterogeneity of Innovation Systems in Europe and Horizon 2020, Intereconomics 50(1), 9-13.

Schubert, T.; Andersson, M. (2015): Old is gold? The effects of employee age on innovation and the moderating effects of employment turnover, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 24, 95-113.

Schubert, T.; Kroll, H. (2014): Universities' effects on regional GDP and unemployment: The case of German, Papers in Regional Science. DOI: 10.1111/pirs.12150.

Schubert, T.; Michels, C. (2013): Placing Articles in the large Publisher Nations: Is there a "free lunch" in terms of higher impact? Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 64, 596-611.

Schubert, T.; Kroll, H. (2013): Endbericht zum Projekt "Hochschulen als regionaler Wirtschaftsfaktor". Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer ISI.

Schubert, T.; Brandt, T. (2013): Is the University Model an Organizational Necessity? Scale and Agglomeration Effects in Science, Scientometrics, 94, 541-565.

Robin, S.; Schubert, T. (2012): Cooperation with Public Research Institutions and Success in Innovation: Evidence from France and Germany, Research Policy, 42, 149-166.

Schubert, T. (2011): Assessing the Value of Patent Portfolios: An International Country Comparison, Scientometrics, 88, 787-804.

Schubert, T.; Simar, L. (2011): Innovation and Export Activities in the German Mechanical Engineering Sector: An Application of Testing Restrictions in Production Analysis, Journal of Productivity Analysis, 36, 55-69.

Schubert, T.; Grupp, H. (2011): Tests and Confidence Intervals for a Class of Scientometric, Technological and Economic Specialisation Ratios. Applied Economics, 43, 941-950.

Schmoch, U.; Schubert, T. (2010): Strategic steering of research by new public management in German universities: a looming state-science conflict? Research Evaluation, 19, 209-216.

Schubert, T. (2010): Marketing and Organisational Innovations in Entrepreneurial Innovation Processes and their Relation to Market Structure and Firm Characteristics, Review of Industrial Organization, 32, 189-212.

Grupp, H.; Schubert, T. (2010): Review and New evidence on Composite Innovation Indicators for Evaluating National Performance, Research Policy, 39, 67-78.

Schubert, T.; Sooryamoorthy, R. (2010): Can the Centre-Periphery Model Explain Patterns of International Scientific Collaboration among Threshold and Industrialised Countries? The Case of South Africa and Germany, Scientometrics, 83, 181-203.

Schmoch, U.; Schubert, T.; Jansen, D.; Heidler, R.; van Görtz, R. (2010): How to Use Indicators to Measure Scientific Performance? A Balanced Approach. Research Evaluation, 19, 2-18.

Schmoch, U.; Schubert, T. (2009): Appropriateness of Bibliometrics for Assessing Scientific Performance, Science and Public Policy, 36, 753-762.

Schubert, T. (2009): Empirical Observations on New Public Management to Increase Efficiency in Public Research – Boon or Bane? Research Policy, 38, 1225-1234.

Schmoch, U.; Schubert, T. (2009): Sustainability of Incentives for Excellent Research – The German Case. Scientometrics, 81, 195-218.

Schubert, T. (2008): Wissenschaftsfreiheitsgesetz: Richtiger Weg. Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik, 88(8), 490.

Schubert, T.; Schmoch, U. (2008): How Lazy Are University Professors Really: A Not So Seriously Meant Note on Observations Made During an Online-inquiry. Soziale Welt, 59(1), 75-78.

Schmoch, U.; Schubert, T. (2008): Are International Co-publications an Indicator for Quality of Scientific Research? Scientometrics, 74(3), 361-377.

Jansen, D.; Wald, A.; Franke, K., Schmoch, U.; Schubert, T., (2007): Third Party Research Funding and Performance in Research. On the Effects of Institutional Conditions on Research Performance of Teams. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 59(1), 125-149.

Project studies, Books, and Book Chapters

Frietsch, R.; Schubert, T.; Rothengatter, O. (2017): An Analysis of the Excellence Initiative and its Effects on the Funded Universities (=Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem No. 11-2017). Berlin: Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI).

Frietsch, R.; Schubert, T.; Neuhäusler, P. (2017): Secular Trends in Innovation and Technological Change (= Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem No. 7-2017). Berlin: Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI).

Frietsch, R.; Lutz, J.; Neuhäusler, P.; Schubert, T.; Lerch, C.; Bethke, N.; Rothengatter, O. (2016): Der Beitrag der Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zum deutschen Innovationssystem. Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer ISI.

Kroll, H.; Schubert, T. (2014): On universities' long-term effects on regional value creation and unemployment - The case of Germany (= Working Papers Firms and Region No. R1/2014). Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer ISI.

Aschhoff, B.; Baier, E.; Crass, D.; Hud, M.; Hünermund, P.; Köhler, C.; Peters, B.; Rammer, C.; Schricke, E.; Schubert, T.; Schwiebacher, F. (2013): Innovation in Germany – Results of the German CIS 2006 to 2010 (= ZEW Dokumentation No. 13-01). Mannheim, Karlsruhe: Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung, Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung.

Schubert, T.; Baier, E.; Hufnagl, M.; Meyer, N.; Schricke, E.; Stahlecker, T. (2012): Endbericht zur Metastudie Wirtschaftsfaktor Hochschule - Modul 1. Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft. Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer ISI.

Frietsch, R.; Schubert, T. (2012): Public research in Germany: Continuity and change. In: Fraunhofer ISI (Ed.): Innovation system revisited - Experiences from 40 years of Fraunhofer ISI research. Stuttgart: Fraunhofer Verlag, 65-84.

Schubert, T.; Schmoch, U. (2010): New Public Management in Science and Incentive-Compatible Resource-Allocation Based on Indicators. In: Jansen D. (Ed.): Governance and Performance in the German Public Research Sector - Disciplinary Differences. Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York: Springer, 3-18.

Schmoch, U.; Schubert, T. (2008): Nachhaltigkeit von Anreizen für exzellente Forschung. In: Hornbostel, S.; Simon, D.; Heise, S. (eds.): Exzellente Wissenschaft: Das Problem, der Diskurs, das Programm und die Folgen, pp. 39-50.

Frietsch, R.; Schmoch, U.; van Looy, B.; Walsh, J.P.; Devroede, R.; Du Plessis, M.; Jung, T.; Meng, Y.; Neuhäusler, P.; Peeters, B.; Schubert, T. (2010): The Value and Indicator Function of Patents (= Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem Nr. 15-2010). Berlin: Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI).

Schubert, T. (2008): New Public Management und Leistungsmessung im deutschen Forschungssektor: Theorie, Umsetzung und Wirkungsanalyse. Doctoral-Thesis, University Erlangen-Nürnberg.

Reiß, T.; Schmoch, U.; Schubert, T.; Rammer, C.; Heneric, O. (2007): Aussichtsreiche Zukunftsfelder der Biotechnologie. Neue Ansätze der Technologievorausschau. Stuttgart: Fraunhofer IRB Verlag.