Prof. Dr. Rainer Walz

Fraunhofer Institute for
Systems and Innovation Research ISI

Head of Competence Center Sustainability and Infrastructure Systems


Prof. Dr. Rainer Walz is Head of the Competence Center Sustainability and Infrastructure Systems at the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI in Karlsruhe. He studied Economics and Political Science at the University of Freiburg and at Brock University, Canada. PhD and "habilitation" in economics. In 1992, he received the Friedrich-August-von-Hayek Price from the University of Freiburg. In 1991, Prof. Dr. Walz joined the Fraunhofer ISI. Prior employment includes the University of Wisconsin and the Enquête Commission "Protecting the Earth's Atmosphere" of the German Bundestag. He is adjunct professor at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and guest professor at the Institute for Policy and Management of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Work Focus

  • sustainability and innovation
  • environmental and natural resources policy
  • dynamics and competitiveness in green markets
  • interaction between economic development, globalization and the environment
  • analysis of impacts of new technologies


  • International Advisory Board des UK Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC)  

  • Committee on Environmental and Resource Economics of Verein für Socialpolitik
  • Review Process of International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
  • Scientific Committee for Annual Conferences of Globelics (Global Network for Economics of Learning, Innovation, and Competence Building Systems)
  • Scientific Committee, Journal "Innovation and Development"
  • Editorial Board, International Journal Technology and Globalisation


Lema, R.; Iizuka, M.; Walz, R: Low Carbon Innovation and Development Introduction to Low Carbon Innovation and Development: Insights and future challenges for research. Innovation & Development, Vol. 5 (2015), No. 2., pp 173-187.

Mazzucato, Mariana; Cimoli, Mario; Dosi, Giovanni; Stiglitz, Joseph E.; Landesmann, Michael A.; Pianta, Mario; Walz, Rainer; Page, Tim: Which Industrial Policy Does Europe Need?, Intereconomics, Vol. 50 (2015), No. 3, pp. 120-155.

Walz, R., Köhler, J.: Using lead market factors to assess the potential for a sustainability transition. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, Vol. 10, March 2014, pp. 20-41

Köhler, J., Walz, R., Marscheider-Weidemann, F., Thedick, B.: Lead markets in 2nd generation biofuels for aviation: A comparison of Germany, Brazil and the USA, Environmental Innovations and Societal Transitions, Vol. 10, March 2014, pp. 59-76

Quitzow, R., Walz, R., Köhler, J., Rennings, K.: The concept of "lead markets" revisited: Contribution to environmental innovation theory Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions Vol. 10, March 2014, pp. 4-19

Köhler, J., Walz, R., Marscheider-Weidemann, F. : Eco-Innovation in NICs: Conditions for Export Success With an Application to Biofuels in Transport. Journal of Environment and Development Vol. 23 (1), March 2014, pp. 133-159

Walz, Rainer; Eichhammer, Wolfgang: Benchmarking Green Innovation, in: Journal Mineral Economics, Vol. 24 (2012), No. 1, pp. 79-101.

Walz, Rainer; Nowak Delgado, Jonathan: Innovation in sustainability technologies in newly industrializing countries - results from a case study on wind energy, in: Innovation and Development, Vol. 2 (2012), No. 1, pp.87-109.

Walz, Rainer; Ragwitz, Mario: Erneuerbare Energien aus Sicht der Innovationsforschung. Stuttgart: IRB Verlag 2011.

Walz, Rainer: Employment and structural impacts of material efficiency strategies: results from 5 case studies, in: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 19, (2011), pp. 805-815.

Sartorius, Christian; Hillenbrand, Thomas; Walz, Rainer: Impact and cost of measures to reduce nutrient emissions from wastewater and storm water treatment in the German Elbe river basin, in: Regional Environmental Change Vol. 11 (2), pp. 377-391.

Walz, Rainer: Introduction to special issue “Sustainability innovations in newly industrializing countries”, in: International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, Vol. 5 (2011), No. 3-4, pp. 161-169.

Walz, Rainer; Marscheider-Weidemann, Frank: Technology-specific absorptive capacities for green technologies in newly industrializing countries, in: International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, Vol. 5 (2011), No. 3-4, pp. 212-229.

Walz, Rainer: Green markets of the future - an economic opportunity also for Newly Industrializing Countries and South Africa? in: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, Vol. 2 (2010) No.1, pp. 138-164.

Walz, Rainer: Competences for Green Development and Leapfrogging in Newly Industrializing Countries, in: International Economics and Economic Policy, Vol. 7 (2010), No. 2&3, pp. 245-265.