Fraunhofer-Institut für
System- und Innovationsforschung ISI

Quantification of the effects on greenhouse gas emissions of policies and measures

At the European level a comprehensive package of policy measures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions has been initiated through the European Climate Change Programme (ECCP) . The first ECCP was established in 2000, and was enhanced in 2005 with the launch of the second ECCP.
As part of the second ECCP a working group was set up to review the first ECCP. The objectives of the working group were to:

  • Review the implementation of the climate change related EU-wide policies and measures;

  • Assess their concrete implementation in Member States and the resulting actual and projected emissions reductions;

  • Identify new opportunities for potential emission reduction.

The review found a significant variability in the implementation of polices and measures among Member States (MS), as well as in the actual trends for different sectors in the MS. It also indicated that the existing ECCP policies and measures database is, as yet, not detailed enough to fully assess the impacts of individual policies and measures on greenhouse gas emissions in a thorough quantitative manner. Thus, the working group in many instances had to limit their discussions to rather qualitative assessments.
This study has been commissioned to address the lack of quantitative ex-post estimates on the impacts of the policies and measures implemented under the ECCP on emissions of greenhouse gases within the EU. The specific objectives of the project were as follows:

  • Develop suitable methodologies for the ex-post quantification of the impact of policies and measures (PAMs) on GHG emissions on both Member State (MS) and European Community (EC) level, clearly identifying the steps, data and tools needed. 

  • Provide an ex-post quantitative and qualitative analysis of the EU Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) and of selected PAMs implemented under the ECCP.

  • Provide concrete recommendations for the ex-ante analysis of future climate change related PAMs and for the revision of Decision 280/2004 and its implementing provisions (Decision 2005/116).

  • Build capacity at Member State level

The scope of the study is broad and its successful delivery has required a number of significant challenges to be overcome. In particular, since there are currently no standardised methodologies or models for the ex-post evaluation of climate change policies at a European level, the study has been required to both develop methodologies and also to implement these methodologies.
The following studies are available:

See also: Greenhouse gas monitoring and reporting (European Commission)

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